Xi told Tillerson that there are far more shared interests between the two countries than disputes, emphasizing the need for more communication and coordination on matters involving “regional hotspots,” according to a statement released by the Chinese foreign ministry.
The meeting occurred hours after North Korea claimed success in testing a new type of rocket engine.
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un oversaw a successful test of a high-thrust engine, state-run Korean Central News Agency reported early Sunday, saying the event had “historic significance” that could lead to the “new birth” of the country’s indigenous rocket industry.
The trip followed a string of North Korean missile launches
, escalating tensions on the Korean Peninsula and prompting fears that Pyongyang is preparing for another nuclear test.
North Korea’s only ally
China is Pyongyang’s only major global ally, with bilateralTRADE ACCOUNTING
for 70% of North Korea’s total trade, providing a political and economic lifeline to Kim’s increasingly isolated regime.
He singled out China again Friday, tweeting, “North Korea is behaving very badly. They have been ‘playing’ the United States for years. China has done little to help!”
Despite earlier warning that all options — including military action — remained on the table in dealing with Pyongyang, Tillerson refrained from the harsh language that he had used in Tokyo and Seoul upon arriving in Beijing.
After meeting his Chinese counterpart, Foreign Minster Wang Yi, on Saturday, the top US diplomat stressed “renewed determination” by Beijing and Washington to “work together to convince the North Korean government to choose a better path and a different future for its people” — without giving details.
“The Trump administration is banking that threats of US military action in South Korea and tougher sanctions on Chinese entities will intimidate Beijing into changing its policies,” said Ashley Townshend, a research fellow at the United States Studies Center at the University of Sydney.
On the trip, Tillerson has signaled a new approach toward North Korea, saying that Washington’s policy of “strategic patience” over the past 20 years aimed at halting North Korea’s nuclear development was a failure.
Between the US and North Korea
Beijing, however, has been irked by calls that it isn’t doing enough to lessen tensions in the region.
Wang said China had made “important contributions” to supporting US engagement with Pyongyang but stressed it was, at its core, an issue between the United States and North Korea.
An un-bylined opinion piece Friday in the Global Times, a Chinese state-run tabloid, made a similar point.
“Washington and Seoul are trying to shift all the burden of solving the North Korean nuclear issue onto China and include China into their strategy toward Pyongyang,” it said.
“But that way, China and North Korea will become enemies, further complicating the conflict. The North Korean nuclear issue is caused by Washington-Pyongyang confrontation, to which China has no obligation to shoulder all the responsibilities.”
He also said that he hoped Washington would examine Beijing’s plans to defuse tensions, although Tillerson has already dismissed the proposal that the US should drop joint military exercises with South Korea as a show of good faith to Pyongyang.
Tillerson said Friday that Washington did “not believe that conditions are right to engage in any talks at this time.”
However, he left the door open Saturday, saying he would work with China to “bring North Korea to a different place where we are hopeful we can begin a dialogue.”
Trump and Xi to meet?
Tillerson was also in Beijing to iron out the details of a tentative summit between Presidents Trump and Xi in Florida in April.
It would be the first meeting between the two men, whose interactions would affect what many consider the world’s most important diplomatic relationship.
Despite fiery rhetoric on the campaign trail and prior to his inauguration, Trump and his administration have taken a relatively hands-off approach to China so far.
Trump has not followed through on campaign threats to label China a currency manipulator or impose steep tariffs on Chinese imports.
He also endorsed the “One China” policy, which has governed delicate relations between the United States, China and Taiwan for decades — after questioning its legitimacy shortly after his election.